Category: Manuscript2

The Effect of Authentic Leadership on Employees’ Voice and Moral Identities

The Effect of Authentic Leadership on Employees’ Voice and Moral Identities

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effect of Authentic Leadership on Employees’ Voice and Moral Identities
Author(s): Kübra Terzioğlu Karabıyıkoğlu, Engin Kanbur
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Year: 2023
Page: 257-275
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.415
Abstract
The increasing fluctuations in the changing and developing business world with the effect of globalization have led organizations to questionize the efficiency and moral behaviors of leaders. Authentic leadership, among the topics of positive organizational behavior, is a leadership style that impacts many organizational outputs, such as performance, motivation, commitment, voice and moral identities of employees. Authentic leaders, who are trying to improve their organization in the competitive conditions of a dynamic environment, are also aware that the most significant role in this development is themselves and their followers. Authentic leaders, who focus on improving themselves and their followers, support the employees to raise their voices in favor of the organization and improve their moral behavior. This research aims to examine the effects of authentic leadership on the voice of employees and their moral identities. Research data were collected in this context with a survey technique from 326 employees who worked in the solution center department of Hepsiburada e-commerce company. Multiple regression analysis was used in the analysis of the research data. The research findings show that authentic leadership and its subdimensions have a positive and significant effect on employee voice and moral identities of employees.

Keywords: Leadership Authenticity, Authentic Leadership, Employee Voice, Moral Identity

JEL Classification: M10, M19

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The Effect of Organizational Pride on Job Satisfaction: A Research in the Tourism Sector

The Effect of Organizational Pride on Job Satisfaction: A Research in the Tourism Sector

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effect of Organizational Pride on Job Satisfaction: A Research in the Tourism Sector
Author(s): Belkıs Dilek Özbezek, Hacı Mustafa Paksoy, Veysel Mehmet Gültekin
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Year: 2023
Page: 243-255
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.414
Abstract
The tourism sector generally has features such as labor intensive, simultaneous production and consumption, and inability to store the product. Due to these features, the human element has great importance and role in terms of both production and business profitability. The main purpose of this study is to examine the effect of organizational pride on job satisfaction in terms of tourism sector employees. The research was carried out by survey method on 392 personnel in five-star the hotels in Antalya region. The results of the correlation analyses showed that it was determined that organizational pride and its sub-dimensions had a positive and low-level relationship with job satisfaction and its sub-dimensions. According to the results of the multiple regression analysis, it was concluded that the emotional pride dimension, which is one of the sub-dimensions of organizational pride, has a significant effect on job satisfaction and its sub-dimensions.

Keywords: Organizational Pride, Job Satisfaction, Tourism, Hotel Management, Employee

JEL Classification: M10, M12, M19

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Analyzing the Challenges to Adoption of Drones in the Logistics Sector Using the Best-Worst Method

Analyzing the Challenges to Adoption of Drones in the Logistics Sector Using the Best-Worst Method

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Analyzing the Challenges to Adoption of Drones in the Logistics Sector Using the Best-Worst Method
Author(s): Sinan Çıkmak, Gökhan Kırbaç, Buşra Kesici
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Year: 2023
Page: 227-242
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.413
Abstract
Drones, which are unmanned aerial vehicles, are used in various areas. Some important worldwide companies have been interested to integrate drone technology into their logistics applications. Although the use of drones promises various advantages such as reducing costs and improving responsiveness in the logistics sector, there are also various challenges to the adoption of this technology. Therefore, this study aims to identify and prioritize the challenges to drone technology adoption in the logistics sector. Initially, 34 challenges under seven major dimensions for the study were identified by a thorough literature review and consultation with selected experts. Then, the best-worst method (BWM) is applied to rank these major challenges and associated sub-criteria. The results show that “terrorist attacks”, “lack of legal regulations”, “difficulty of flight permit processes”, “flight area limitation due to restrictive visual line of sight (VLOS)”, and “personal data protection” are the top five challenges that confront the logistics sector for adopting drone technology. The findings of this research will provide important insights to practitioners and researchers interested in new technologies that can be applied in the logistics sector.

Keywords: Drones, Logistics, Unmanned Aerial Vehicle, Challenge Analysis, Best-Worst Method

JEL Classification: L93, O33, Q55

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The Effect of Corporate Governance on the Cost of Debt: Evidence from Borsa İstanbul

The Effect of Corporate Governance on the Cost of Debt: Evidence from Borsa İstanbul

Makale Bilgileri
Dergi: Business and Economics Research Journal
Makalenin Başlığı: Kurumsal Yönetimin Borç Maliyetine Etkisi: Borsa İstanbul’da Bir Uygulama
Yazar(lar): Gökhan Özer, İlhan Çam, Sedat Çerez
Cilt: 14
Sayı: 2
Yıl: 2023
Sayfa: 217-226
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Numarası: 10.20409/berj.2023.412
Öz
Kurumsal yönetim uygulamalarının kalitesi, paydaşların haklarının korunduğuna dair bir güvence vermekte, vekâlet problemleri ve bilgi asimetrisinden kaynaklı maliyetleri azaltmakta ve firma faaliyetleri ile ilgili izleme ve denetim fonksiyonlarını güçlendirmektedir. Bu çalışmada iyi kurumsal yönetim uygulamalarının risk primlerini azaltarak borçlanma maliyetlerini düşürüp düşürmediği sorusuna cevap aranmıştır. Bu çerçevede, 2007 – 2019 yılları arasında Borsa İstanbul’da işlem gören 29 firmanın kurumsal yönetim derecelendirme notları ile borçlanma maliyetleri arasındaki ilişki araştırılmıştır. Panel veri tahmin modeli test sonuçlarına göre, tesadüfi etkiler panel veri analiz yöntemi tercih edilmiştir. Analiz sonuçlarında, borç maliyeti değişkeninin katsayısı istatistiksel olarak anlamlı ve negatif olarak elde edilmiştir. Buna göre, işletmelerin kurumsal yönetim derecelendirme notlarının yükselmesi borç maliyetleri üzerinde azaltıcı bir etkiye neden olmaktadır. Sonuç olarak, kurumsal yönetimin güçlendirilmesine yönelik yapılacak yatırımlar borçlanma maliyetlerini azaltarak, firmaların kâr marjlarının artmasına, nakit akışlarının güçlenerek finansal esnekliklerinin artmasına ve daha iyi bir finansal duruma sahip olmalarına yardımcı olabilir ve böylelikle firmaların uzun vadeli büyümesine ve sürdürülebilirliğine katkıda bulunabilir.

Anahtar Kelimeler: Kurumsal Yönetim, Borç Maliyeti, Finansmana Erişim, Panel Veri Analizi, Borsa İstanbul

JEL Sınıflandırması: G34, G32, C23

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Inter-Sectoral Spillover Effects in Turkiye: A Global VAR Approach

Inter-Sectoral Spillover Effects in Turkiye: A Global VAR Approach

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Inter-Sectoral Spillover Effects in Turkiye: A Global VAR Approach
Author(s): Özlem Yiğit
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Year: 2023
Page: 173-198
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.411
Abstract
In this study, we empirically examine inter-sectoral spillover effects on the labor market in Turkiye over the period 1990– 2021. To this end, we analyse the responses of sectoral employment to the sector-specific real output and productivity shocks. The econometric approach involves an application of global vector autoregression methodology, which explicitly considers the inter-dependencies among the four main sectors of the Turkish economy, namely agriculture, industry, construction and services. We also investigate the impact of trade liberalization policy since 1980s in the Turkish economy on employment, real growth and productivity for each sector. Generalized impulse response function results indicate there are strong spillovers across sectors. In addition, our findings point out that the Turkish economy generally benefits from the outward-oriented growth strategy in terms of growth and productivity, but the net effect of this strategy on employment is uncertain for the aggregate economy.

Keywords: Employment, Growth, Productivity, Trade Openness, Generalized Impulse-Response Function

JEL Classification: E24, C39, F16

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Interrelationships in Inventory Turnover Performance Between Supplier and Customer Firms

Interrelationships in Inventory Turnover Performance Between Supplier and Customer Firms

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Interrelationships in Inventory Turnover Performance Between Supplier and Customer Firms
Author(s): Joseph J. Henry, Peter Christensen, James C. Brau
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Year: 2023
Page: 157-171
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.410
Abstract
Using inventory turnover to measure the efficiency of corporate inventory management, we perform econometric analyses to verify whether the inventory efficiency of a firm’s supply chain partners is a statistically significant driver of the firm’s own inventory efficiency. We test two mutually exclusive hypotheses. First, suppliers hold inventory on behalf of customers, effectively displacing inventory up the supply chain and resulting in a negative correlation between supplier and customer inventory turnover. Alternatively, inventory efficiency is integrated along the supply chain, resulting in a positive correlation between supplier and customer inventory turnover. Our bivariate and multivariate analyses of both firm- and industry-level data support the “integration” hypothesis of higher inventory efficiency along the supply chain. Our findings highlight the importance of expanding the research and practice of working capital management beyond the firm-level.

Keywords: Inventory Turnover, Supply Chain Efficiency, Inventory Factor Model

JEL Classification: L140, M41, C51

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Firing Costs and Inventor Turnover

Firing Costs and Inventor Turnover

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Firing Costs and Inventor Turnover
Author(s): Emre Ekinci
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Year: 2023
Page: 141-155
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.409
Abstract
This paper examines the effect of firing costs on inventor turnover using the patent data provided by the United States Patent and Trademark Office (USPTO) for the 1975-2003 period. The adoption of the wrongful discharge laws in the US is considered as an exogenous increase in firing costs. As states adopt these laws at different dates, a quasi-experimental setting allows us to estimate a casual effect. Using the existing holdup theories investigating the employment relationship, we conjecture that the effect of firing costs on inventor turnover hinges on the extent to which the inventor’s knowledge set is transferable to competing firms. We measure knowledge transferability by the number of co-authors an inventor has filed a patent with, his or her specialization across technological classes and reliance on the prior art patented by the current employer. Our analysis shows that these variables alter, as predicted by the theory, how increased firing costs affect inventor turnover.

Keywords: Patents, Innovation, Wrongful Discharge Laws, Firing Costs, Worker Turnover

JEL Classification: J24, K31, M55, O31

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Factors Affecting the Adoption of Mobile Banking Applications: A Research on Young Consumers

Factors Affecting the Adoption of Mobile Banking Applications: A Research on Young Consumers

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Factors Affecting the Adoption of Mobile Banking Applications: A Research on Young Consumers
Author(s): Gulsen Alkac Ozdemir
Volume: 14
Number: 3
Year: 2023
Page: 389-408
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.408
Abstract
Rapid technological developments require many businesses to follow the developing technology and adapt quickly. Mobile applications developed in recent years have an important place in consumer behavior. Banks have started to use mobile applications early in their service delivery compared to many other sectors. However, consumer acceptance is very important for the success of these applications. The aim of this study is to reveal the effects of the factors affecting the acceptance of mobile banking applications by young consumers on the behavioral intention of consumers to use mobile banking applications. Research data were collected by online survey method. The obtained data were analyzed with Smart PLS structural equation modeling. As a result of the analysis, it was found that the perceived benefit and perceived compatibility factors had a positive effect on the behavioral intention of young consumers to use mobile banking applications. The dimensions of perceived ease of use, social impact, facilitating conditions, relative advantage, and perceived risk in the research model did not have a significant effect on the behavioral intention of young consumers to use mobile banking applications. The effect of young consumers’ behavioral intention to use mobile banking applications on their usage behavior was also found to be quite high. The results will help the bank managers in charge of developing mobile bank applications and determining marketing strategies.

Keywords: Mobile Banking, Mobile Banking Applications, Adoption, Young Consumers, SEM Analysis

JEL Classification: M31, G41, M39

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The Analysis of The Dynamic Relationship Between Corporate Sustainability and Financial Performance

The Analysis of The Dynamic Relationship Between Corporate Sustainability and Financial Performance

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Analysis of The Dynamic Relationship Between Corporate Sustainability and Financial Performance
Author(s): Ebru Aydoğan, Esen Kara
Volume: 14
Number: 2
Year: 2023
Page: 199-216
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.407
Abstract
One of the frequently mentioned issues in the literature is that studies analyzing the relationship between corporate sustainability and financial performance do not reach a consensus on the existence and direction of the relationship. This study is aimed to contribute to the literature by analyzing the relationship between corporate sustainability practices and financial performances of 58 non-bank firms included in the Borsa Istanbul (BIST) Sustainability Index between the years 2015-2021. The study employed the System Generalized Method of Moments (system GMM) estimator, which is one of the dynamic panel data models. The results of the analysis can be summarized as follows; (i) there is a positive relationship between corporate sustainability practices and both market-based and accounting-based financial performance indicators, (ii) corporate sustainability positively affects different financial performance indicators at different terms, (iii) sustainability investments affect the market value of businesses more and faster than the return on assets, and (iv) the relationship between corporate sustainability and financial performance is dynamic, and the endogeneity problem should be taken into account in the analysis of the relationship between them.

Keywords: Corporate Sustainability, Financial Performance, Endogeneity, Panel Data, System GMM

JEL Classification: C23, G30, G34

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Influencer Stickiness and Determining the Relationships Among its Antecedents

Influencer Stickiness and Determining the Relationships Among its Antecedents

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Influencer Stickiness and Determining the Relationships Among its Antecedents
Author(s): Onur Ozturk
Volume: 14
Number: 1
Year: 2023
Page: 123-140
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2023.406
Abstract
The rise of internet and social media usage has become almost indispensable in people’s daily lives and it has enabled influencers, the individuals who interact with their followers using various social media platforms such as Instagram, Twitter, YouTube, etc., to become almost as popular as traditional celebrities such as singers, movie stars, sportsmen and so on. Unlike traditional celebrities, social media influencers are believed to have similar social status like their followers. Increasing the number of their followers and fans and turning them into paying customers are largely dependent on the stickiness of their followers. The purpose of this study is to determine relationships among the antecedents of the stickiness of influencers’ followers and to measure the effects of these antecedents on influencer stickiness. In order to determine and investigate these relationships, the data were collected from 2158 respondents by structured questionnaires and analyzed by PLS-SEM structural equation modeling. Results showed that identity similarity, identity distinctiveness, and identity prestige had positive effects on parasocial relationships and wishful identification, and parasocial relationships and wishful identification were found to have a positive effect on stickiness.

Keywords: Social Media Influencers, Influencer Stickiness, PLS-SEM

JEL Classification: M30, M31

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