Category: Manuscript2

A Qualitative Study on Secret Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages: The Case of Izmir

A Qualitative Study on Secret Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages: The Case of Izmir

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: A Qualitative Study on Secret Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages: The Case of Izmir
Author(s): Dogan Basaran, Ayla Ozhan Dedeoglu
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 143-157
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.366
Abstract
Secrecy is defined as an act of omission of information from a social environment or inclusion of other information to divert social attention by masking private information. Consumers may need secrecy to protect privacy, conform to the social environment without attracting unwanted attention, and/or avoid discrepancies between actual and ideal, and normative “ought” selves. Secret consumption experiences may differ based on product characteristics and social and cultural context. The present phenomenological study aims to explore the secret consumption of alcoholic beverages, which is described as a demerit good, and was carried out to find out the reasons for confidentiality, how it is experienced in purchasing and consumption practices, and its effects on consumer behavior. Qualitative data analysis was conducted using data collected from a sample of young and educated secret alcohol consumers residing in the province of Izmir. The findings show that participants keep their consumption secret from immediate environment and families. Consumers use various coping strategies that enable protecting their privacy and social identities, while maintaining their consumption at a minimum risk. It has been found that secret alcohol consumption leads to mental preoccupation and reduces satisfaction with consumption.

Keywords: Secret Consumption, Consumption of Alcoholic Beverages, Social Identity, Self-Discrepancy, Preoccupation

JEL Classification: M31, H49

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The Effect of Halal Product Knowledge, Halal Awareness, Perceived Psychological Risk and Halal Product Attitude on Purchasing Intention

The Effect of Halal Product Knowledge, Halal Awareness, Perceived Psychological Risk and Halal Product Attitude on Purchasing Intention

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effect of Halal Product Knowledge, Halal Awareness, Perceived Psychological Risk and Halal Product Attitude on Purchasing Intention
Author(s): Abdulkadir Ozturk
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 127-141
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.365
Abstract
It is considered that individuals should know the concept of halal and be aware of the conditions that make a product halal in order for consumers to have the intention to purchase halal products. The aim of this study is to find out the attitudes and purchase intentions of consumers towards halal chicken products under the model of knowledge, attitude and practice (KAP). It also aimed to determine consumers’ halal awareness of halal chicken products and the effect of perceived psychological risk on purchase intention. The data required for the study were collected from the individuals who purchased chicken using convenience sampling method through an online questionnaire form. The data collection process was completed with the participation of 410 people assumed to represent the universe. The research model and hypotheses between variables were tested using the structural equation modeling method. The results of the analysis show that knowledge about halal products, awareness of halal products, and perceived psychological risk have a significant and positive influence on attitudes toward halal chicken products. In addition, attitudes towards halal chicken products, awareness of halal products, and perceived psychological risk were found to have a significant and positive influence on purchase intention.

Keywords: Halal Product Knowledge, Halal Awareness, Perceived Psychological Risk towards Halal Products, Attitude towards Halal Products, Intention to Purchase Halal Products

JEL Classification: M30, M31

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The Importance of Personal Reputation in Organizations and Its Benefits to Organizations: A Literature Review

The Importance of Personal Reputation in Organizations and Its Benefits to Organizations: A Literature Review

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Importance of Personal Reputation in Organizations and Its Benefits to Organizations: A Literature Review
Author(s): Benan Gok
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 109-126
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.364
Abstract
A personal reputation is a perceptual identity in which an individual shows obvious personal characteristics and achievements and reflects the behavior that the individual reports directly from observed or secondary sources. In today’s competitive world, the concept of reputation is frequently used in organizations. The importance of personal reputation, which is the micro level of reputation, especially has significant effects on an individual’s career, human resources decisions, and business results. It has been determined that the studies on personal reputation in organizations continue to add richness to the relevant literature in the international business literature, and there has not been enough research in the national literature. In this study, the conceptualization of personal reputation, which is seen as inadequate in national business literature, and how reputations are developed and how they spread to an organization are examined through various theories. It is also explained what benefits personal reputation brings to individuals and organizations. Finally, a general assessment was made, and recommendations for future research were presented.

Keywords: Reputation, Personal Reputation, Workplace, Employees, Political Skill, Job Performance

JEL Classification: M12, M19

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The Effects of Perceived Supervisor Support and Perceived Coworker Support on Organizational Citizenship Behavior

The Effects of Perceived Supervisor Support and Perceived Coworker Support on Organizational Citizenship Behavior

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effects of Perceived Supervisor Support and Perceived Coworker Support on Organizational Citizenship Behavior
Author(s): Yıldız Tenteriz, Guler Tozkoparan
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 89-107
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.363
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to determine the effect of perceived supervisor and coworker support on organizational citizenship behavior. The study sample consists of 325 employees working in İzmir Provincial Health Directorate. The survey technique, one of the quantitative research methods, was used in the study. According to the analysis results, it was determined that there is a significant and moderately positive relationship between perceived supervisor support and organizational citizenship behavior. It was concluded that there was a significant and moderately positive relationship between perceived coworker support and organizational citizenship behavior. The concepts of perceived supervisor support, coworker support, and organizational citizenship behavior constitute an important field of study in the literature. A limited number of studies have been found dealing with the relationship between supervisor and coworker perceived during the literature review and organizational citizenship behavior. This study is thought to be important due to its contributions to the literature and the organizations.

Keywords: Perceived Supervisor Support, Perceived Coworker Support, Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Health Institution

JEL Classification: M12, M10

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Evaluating the Linkage Between Employee Training Programmes and Prosocial Organizational Behavior

Evaluating the Linkage Between Employee Training Programmes and Prosocial Organizational Behavior

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Evaluating the Linkage Between Employee Training Programmes and Prosocial Organizational Behavior
Author(s): Hassan R. H. Elkhdr, Aysun Kanbur
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 75-88
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.362
Abstract
This study has been conducted to evaluate the effect of employee training programmes on prosocial organizational behaviors. Empirical research was performed with the employees of Arabian Gulf Oil Company (AGOCO). Questionnaire technique was used for gathering the data. At this juncture, accepted scales in the literature related to variables were utilized. Prosocial organizational behaviors were identified in the literature as prosocial organizational behavior, role-prescribed prosocial behavior, and prosocial individual behavior while employee training programmes were examined in terms of motivation for training, benefits of training, and support for training. Variables of this study were accepted using these classifications and hypotheses were tested through correlation and regression analyses. All the hypotheses were supported and the findings that have been obtained provide that motivation for training, benefits of training, and support for training have a significantly positive effect on prosocial organizational behaviors of employees working at Libyan oil sector and specifically employees of AGOCO. The findings of the study will be beneficial for the Libyan oil sector and other sectors to improve their strategy regarding employee training programmes and prosocial organizational behaviors.

Keywords: Employee Training Programmes, Motivation for Training, Benefits of Training, Support for Training, Prosocial Organizational Behavior

JEL Classification: M10, M19, M53

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Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Intrinsic Motivation Scale

Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Intrinsic Motivation Scale

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Validity and Reliability of the Turkish Version of the Intrinsic Motivation Scale
Author(s): Mine Aydemir Dev, Nese Aral, Mehlika Sarac, Nuran Bayram Arli
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 59-73
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.361
Abstract
The aim of this study is to investigate the Turkish validity and reliability of the Intrinsic Motiva-tion Scale developed by Kuvaas (2006), Kuvaas and Dysvik (2009), which is used to measure the intrinsic motivation of employees. The sample consists of employees over the age of 18. In order to carry out the validity and reliability study, after the linguistic validation (translate-back translate), a pre-test was applied and the validity of the scale was examined with the help of two different samples (N = 210, N = 262). Both samples consist of employees. The scale was evaluated with five point Likert as in the original. Explanatory factor analysis and confirmatory factor analysis were used to investigate the factor structure of the intrinsic mo-tivation scale. Cronbach alpha and composite reliability values were calculated for the meas-urement of reliability, and AVE was calculated for convergent validity. As a result of explana-tory factor analysis, factor load values were obtained over 0.50. At the same time, fit indices provided by confirmatory factor analysis results were within the acceptable range. According to results, the Turkish version of the Intrinsic Motivation Scale is a valid and reliable meas-urement tool to conduct researches in the Turkish context.

Keywords: Intrinsic Motivation Scale, Factor Analysis, Validity, Reliability

JEL Classification: J50, C10, C38

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Financial Bubbles and Bursts by Quarterly Periods in the Three Countries at the Core of 1997 Asian Crisis: South Korea, Philippines, and Thailand (1990-2019)

Financial Bubbles and Bursts by Quarterly Periods in the Three Countries at the Core of 1997 Asian Crisis: South Korea, Philippines, and Thailand (1990-2019)

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Financial Bubbles and Bursts by Quarterly Periods in the Three Countries at the Core of 1997 Asian Crisis: South Korea, Philippines, and Thailand (1990-2019)
Author(s): Cengiz Samur
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 31-57
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.360
Abstract
The bubble of price, as theoretical, is “too big deviation of asset’s price from its fundamental (intrinsic) value”. In regard to the country, as empirical; (i) financial asset price bubble happens when “a change (increase) in the financial nominal price index (percent) exceeds the sum of inflation and economic growth rates, at least as 25 %”, on the other hand, (ii) the bubble burst happens when there is “a too sharp decline in the financial asset nominal price index”, and when there is a decrease in the index in related to the total of inflation and growth rates, at least as 20%. Since the 2008 Financial Crisis, the debate of “financial bubbles and correct monetary policy” has been blown: Is macroeconomic stability possible in the country without financial stability? Is it required and possible to prevent a bubble formation and its growth? What should the Central Bank do? How should the monetary policy respond to the bubbles? The study is important due to its contribution to this debate. In this study, the financial bubbles that occurred quarterly in the period of 1990-2019 and in the three countries (in South Korea, Philippines, and Thailand) , which were amongst the countries at the core of the 1997 Asian crisis, are handled. They are essentially focused on the bubble bursts. It is the purpose to determine there is a connection between bubble burst cases and cumulative real cost, decrease in growth rate, or economic contraction. If there is a strong relation, to maintain macroeconomic stability in the markets, the government has to fulfill proactive (macroprudential) policies and has to intervene not only on bubble bursts, but also on bubble’s formation. However, some relations with only weak or middle degrees were reached.

Keywords: Financial Bubble, Bubble Burst, South Korea, Philippines, Thailand

JEL Classification: C10, E44, G01, G12

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The Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility on Export: An Econometric Analysis for the Turkish Economy

The Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility on Export: An Econometric Analysis for the Turkish Economy

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effect of Exchange Rate Volatility on Export: An Econometric Analysis for the Turkish Economy
Author(s): Cuneyt Dumrul, Kerem Hulusi Gokalp
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 11-30
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.359
Abstract
Foreign trade and its determinants have become important because of the increasing financialization and globalization of the world economy. The importance of competitiveness in exports has led to the importance of exchange rate policies and the volatility of the exchange rate. Although there are many factors affecting exports, the main factor on which exporters are based is exchange rate and exchange rate volatility. The main objective of this study is to determine the direction and size of the effect of the exchange rate volatility on exports in the Turkish economy. In the econometric analysis of the study, data for the period 1998:01-2020:01 are used. In the empirical part of this study, the effect of exchange rate volatility estimated by ARCH/GARCH model on the exports of the Turkish economy is analyzed by ARDL methodology. As a result of the econometric analysis, it was found that exchange rate volatility positively affected exports, and the elasticity relationship between these two variables was low (0.05).

Keywords: Turkish Economy, Export, Exchange Rate Volatility, ARCH/GARCH Model, ARDL Test

JEL Classification: F10, F31

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Location Choice under Spillovers

Location Choice under Spillovers

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Location Choice under Spillovers
Author(s): Özgün Ekici, Bugra Caskurlu
Volume: 13
Number: 1
Year: 2022
Page: 1-9
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.358
Abstract
This paper introduces the location choice under spillovers game: A number of firms choose from among a number of alternative locations. A firm’s payoff at some location is the sum of two factors: Its location-specific idiosyncratic payoff; and the positive spillover it receives, which is a function of the number of firms choosing the same location. The spillover function is location-specific and monotonically increasing. This game form can be viewed as an extension of the classic “battle of sexes” game. It can also be used to model real-life game-theoretic situations with network effects, such as when app users choose from alternative social media or instant messaging apps. In our main result, we show that the location choice under spillovers game is a potential game, and hence, it always admits a Nash equilibrium in pure strategies. We also show that: A Nash equilibrium outcome need not be Pareto efficient. An outcome that is Pareto efficient need not be a Nash equilibrium. And a Nash equilibrium is not necessarily a strong equilibrium.

Keywords: Pure strategy Nash equilibrium, Existence, Potential Games, Location Choice, Spillovers, Network Externalities

JEL Classification: C72, D62

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Is YouTube a Search Engine or a Social Network?  Analyzing Evaluative Inconsistencies

Is YouTube a Search Engine or a Social Network? Analyzing Evaluative Inconsistencies

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Is YouTube a Search Engine or a Social Network? Analyzing Evaluative Inconsistencies
Author(s): Adnan Veysel Ertemel, Ahmed Ammoura
Volume: 12
Number: 4
Year: 2021
Page: 871-881
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2021.357
Abstract
As broadband internet speed increases worldwide, video consumption habits gain momentum. YouTube is by far the most dominant video platform on the Internet. Apart from its social networking site characteristics, YouTube is also known as the second most visited search engine in the world. This paper studies YouTube from marketing perspective. By looking from the categorization theory, evaluative inconsistencies associated with the YouTube platform are investigated. YouTube platform is unique in that it has hybrid product characteristics encompassing both search engine and social networking site features. In the light of the previous literature on category knowledge, devaluation effect, integrated evaluation and bivariate evaluation space (BES) theories, the structural equation modeling (SEM) technique was used to examine the evaluative inconsistencies between the two categories of YouTube. Findings showed a positive correlation between the two categories, so basically users tend to eliminate the inconsistencies by formulating a general attitude towards both categories. This article makes important contributions to the existing literature by testing such a hybrid model in categorization research. Moreover, the paper has significant managerial implications for the marketers who want to understand the underlying characteristics of different users using a dominant platform like YouTube.

Keywords: Categorization Theory, Evaluative Inconsistencies, YouTube, Search Engine, Social Media

JEL Classification: L86, D91

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