Category: Manuscript2

The Methodological Analysis of Scale Development Studies in Management and Organizational Behavior Fields

The Methodological Analysis of Scale Development Studies in Management and Organizational Behavior Fields

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Methodological Analysis of Scale Development Studies in Management and Organizational Behavior Fields
Author(s): Pelin Kanten, Benan Arda
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 581-590
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.269
Abstract
Scale development is a study that requires significant expert knowledge and long-term effort. The scientificness of these studies in terms of reliability and validity is based on the implementation of some methodological principles. In the social sciences literature, it is seen that specific methods are applied in some of the scale development studies, while in others, every stage of the scientific criteria is not taken into account. In this context, this study aimed to examine the scale development studies in management and organizational behavior literature between the 2000-2019 years from the methodological perspective by the content analysis. As the scope of the objectives of the study, it is aimed to determine the existing methods of the scale development process in the studies and to present a model that includes the required steps of the scale development studies. According to this purpose, 65 studies in the scope of the graduate theses, articles, and conference proceedings indexed by the national database in Turkey between the specific years are examined. These 65 studies are evaluated using the qualitative data analysis program MAXQDA 10.0 software based on scale development criteria determined.

Keywords: Scale Development, Methodology, Management, Organizational Behavior

JEL Classification: M10, M20

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Adaptation of Compulsory Citizenship Behavior Scale into Turkish: The Validity and Reliability Study

Adaptation of Compulsory Citizenship Behavior Scale into Turkish: The Validity and Reliability Study

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Adaptation of Compulsory Citizenship Behavior Scale into Turkish: The Validity and Reliability Study
Author(s): Lutfi Surucu, Ahmet Maslakci, Harun Sesen
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 571-579
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.268
Abstract
The aim of the study is to adapt and translate the compulsory citizenship behavior scale developed by Vigado-Gadot (2007) into Turkish. Thus, it is aimed to adapt the scale into Turkish literature. For this purpose, five-star hotel employees in Muğla were surveyed (n=287). The linguistic equivalence, convergent validity, construct validity and reliability of the scale were tested according to the obtained data. The findings showed that compulsory citizenship behavior scale, which is translated and adapted to Turkish, is a valid and reliable instrument and it could be used in further researches in Turkey.

Keywords: Compulsory Citizenship Behavior Scale, Adaptation, Validity, Reliability

JEL Classification: M12, D23

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The Mediating Role of Transformational Leadership in the Effect of Technostress on Presenteeism and Intention to Leave

The Mediating Role of Transformational Leadership in the Effect of Technostress on Presenteeism and Intention to Leave

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Mediating Role of Transformational Leadership in the Effect of Technostress on Presenteeism and Intention to Leave
Author(s): Berat Cicek, Erman Kilinc
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 555-570
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.267
Abstract
The main purpose of this study is to determine the mediating role of transformational leadership in the effect of technostress on presenteeism and intention to quit in organizations. Survey forms were used as data collection tool. Malatya province was chosen for the field study and survey forms were distributed to employees who work in the Turkish State Railways. In the application phase, firstly reliability, normality and factor analysis were performed and then the structural equation model was established. As a result of the research, technostress influenced presenteeism behavior for techno – overload, techno – complexity and techno – job insecurity dimensions; technostress affects the perception of transformational leadership for techno – complexity, techno – job insecurity and techno – uncertainty dimensions, transformational leadership affects presenteeism behavior and intention to quit, and transformational leadership plays a mediating role in the relationship between technostress and presenteeism. It is thought that the results obtained will contribute to reducing the effects of technostress which is frequently seen in organizations and preventing the spread of presenteeism and intention to quit in organizations.

Keywords: Technostress, Presenteeism, Intention to Quit, Transformational Leadership

JEL Classification: M10, M12, C12

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The Mediating Role of Perceives Organizational Support on the Effect of Distribution Justice on Employee Performance

The Mediating Role of Perceives Organizational Support on the Effect of Distribution Justice on Employee Performance

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Mediating Role of Perceives Organizational Support on the Effect of Distribution Justice on Employee Performance
Author(s): Ergun Kara, Huseyin Aslan
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 545-554
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.266
Abstract
Organizational procedures in the interaction of employee-organization, attitude of the organization towards its workers and the reaction its workers give to justice perceptions establish the foundations of justice perception. In general, as justice perception’s being positive will increase the productivity in workers in terms of providing organizational productivity, the significance of justice applications increase every other day in the employee-organization interaction to be able to enhance the performance of workers. Therefore, the aim of this study is to investigate the mediating role of perceived organizational support in the effect of distributive justice on employee performance. For this reason, data was collected from 353 participants working in textile factories in Gaziantep through questionnaire. Confirmatory factor analysis was performed in the analysis of the data, correlations between the variables were determined, and structural equation and goodness of fit tests of the model and regression analysis were performed. In order to test the mediating role, the significance of the indirect effects was examined using the bootstrap method. In the analyses, it was determined that distribution justice had a significant positive effect on perceived organizational support. As a result of mediating analysis perceived organizational support was found to have a partial mediator role in the relationship between distribution justice and employee performance.

Keywords: Distributive Justice, Perceived Organizational Support, Employee Performance

JEL Classification: D23, M10

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The Effect of Organizational Identification on Knowledge Sharing Behavior: The Mediating Role of Altruism

The Effect of Organizational Identification on Knowledge Sharing Behavior: The Mediating Role of Altruism

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effect of Organizational Identification on Knowledge Sharing Behavior: The Mediating Role of Altruism
Author(s): Oguz Demirel, Onder Ulu
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 531-543
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.265
Abstract
Knowledge is one of the indispensable elements for organizations to achieve their goals. One of the ways to increase the knowledge of the organization is to share the knowledge of the employees with their colleagues. In other words, knowledge sharing behavior is critical in increasing organizational knowledge. For this reason, it is important to investigate the factors behind the knowledge sharing behavior of the employees. The aim of this study is to test the effect of organizational identification on knowledge sharing behavior and the mediating role of altruism in this effect. The research was carried out on academic and administrative staff working at Düzce University. The data set consisting of 345 questionnaires was analyzed with the least squares regression technique using the PROCESS plugin. According to the research findings, altruism shows “partial mediation” effect in the relationship between organizational identification and knowledge sharing behavior. At the end of the study, some suggestions for researchers and practice were also presented.

Keywords: Organizational Identification, Knowledge Sharing, Altruism

JEL Classification: M10, M19

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The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Organizational Identification: Mediating Role of Person-Organization Fit

The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Organizational Identification: Mediating Role of Person-Organization Fit

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Relationship between Ethical Leadership and Organizational Identification: Mediating Role of Person-Organization Fit
Author(s): Seval Aksoy Kuru
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 515-530
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.264
Abstract
In this study, it is aimed to determine the relationship between employees’’ perception of ethical leadership and organizational identification and person-organization fit. The survey data were collected from the blue-collar employees in Istanbul by using a questionnaire form in 2018. The collected data were interpreted using SPSS and SEM statistical programs. According to the results, a significant relationship was found between ethical leadership perception and organizational organization, as well as ethical leadership and organizational identification. In addition, the main motivation of the research is the mediation effect, and it has been determined that the harmony of the person organization fit a partial mediation effect between the ethical leadership perception and organizational identification.

Keywords: Ethical Leadership, Person-Organization Fit, Organizational Identification

JEL Classification: D23, M10, M12, O15

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The Effect of Supervisor Support on Employees’ Conformity Behaviour to the Organizational Rules: Research in the Aviation Sector

The Effect of Supervisor Support on Employees’ Conformity Behaviour to the Organizational Rules: Research in the Aviation Sector

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effect of Supervisor Support on Employees’ Conformity Behaviour to the Organizational Rules: Research in the Aviation Sector
Author(s): Tugba Gungor Ilerler, Asena Altin Gulova
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 495-513
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.263
Abstract
This study deals with the social impact and conformity behavior, a topic mainly studied by social psychologists, in the context of employees’ conformity behavior in the workplace. This research aims to (1) investigate the effect of perceived supervisor support (PSS) of aviation sector employees’ on conformity behaviors to the rules, (2) determine whether or not the demographic variables affect the employees’ conformity behaviors to the rules and if it creates a significant difference, and (3) determine to employees’ perceptions of supervisor support. The results of the study were obtained from 371 surveys from Izmir Adnan Menderes Airport Employees. Two scales were administered to collect data: i) Scale of Supervisor Support developed by Grandey (1999,2000) and adapted to Turkish by Öz in 2007, ii) Scale of Conformity Behaviours developed by Öz (2007) based on Kelman’s (1958) definitions of three conformity behaviours. The quantitative data obtained by the questionnaires were analyzed using the SPSS. After analyzing the sample, validity and reliability analyzes, normality test, factor analysis of the scales were carried out. Afterward, multiple correlation analysis was conducted to determine the relationship level and direction of the variable of the research. Moreover, t-tests, ANOVA tests, and Structural Equation Model (SEM) methods were used through the AMOS 22 program to test the hypotheses. The results reveal the significant impact of supervisor support on employee conformity behavior. According to some demographic variables, employees’ perception of supervisor support and types of conformity to the organizational rules also differs.

Keywords: Supervisor Support, Conformity Behaviour, Organizational Rules, Demographic Variables, Aviation Sector

JEL Classification: D23, D73, F55, J11, M12

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Discrimination in Work life: A Qualitative Research on LGBT+ Individuals

Discrimination in Work life: A Qualitative Research on LGBT+ Individuals

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Discrimination in Work life: A Qualitative Research on LGBT+ Individuals
Author(s): Duygu Acar Erdur, Faruk Ozgunlu
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 479-494
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.262
Abstract
This study focuses on sexual orientation discrimination in the Turkish work life, which is a relatively less studied subject in Turkish literature. The study aims to determine the discriminatory behaviors against LGBT + individuals who are in active work life due to their sexual orientation if any. The study follows a qualitative research design. Based on an interview protocol, semi-structured interviews were conducted with 17 LGBT+ individuals using a snowball sampling method. Content analysis of the data emphasizes five distinct issues. First, it is determined that LGBT+ individuals in Turkish work life are subjected to formal discrimination in such as recruitment, dismissal processes. Findings also demonstrate that LGBT+ individuals are subject to informal discrimination through disdain, insult, etc. behaviors. Additionally, the findings of the study indicate a homophobic work environment in the Turkish context. Moreover, it is found that LGBT+ individuals use various mechanisms to cope with discriminatory behavior at the workplace, and mostly tend to conceal their sexual orientations. Finally, findings reveal that this process affects LGBT+ individuals in a negative way.

Keywords: Discrimination, Discrimination in the Work Life, Sexual Orientation Discrimination, LGBT +, Qualitative Research

JEL Classification: J70, J71, M14

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Mediating Role of the Positive Psychological Capital on the Relation between the Authentic Leadership Style and Employees’ Work Engagement: An Applied Study on Hospitality Industry

Mediating Role of the Positive Psychological Capital on the Relation between the Authentic Leadership Style and Employees’ Work Engagement: An Applied Study on Hospitality Industry

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Mediating Role of the Positive Psychological Capital on the Relation between the Authentic Leadership Style and Employees’ Work Engagement: An Applied Study on Hospitality Industry
Author(s): Didem Ozturk Ciftci, Hulya Erkanli
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 461-478
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.261
Abstract
The most valuable and unique resource that the organizations have under today’s conditions is the human resources. The positive psychology perspective, trying to understand the human resource in all its parts that brings hope, self-efficacy, optimism, and resilience features into the forefront draws attention to utilize this resource in the most effective way. Moreover, the leadership perspectives that discover the positive psychological capital (PsyCap) elements and contribute to the employees’ development becomes more important in the employees’ work engagement. In this context, this study aims at determining the relation between the authentic leadership and employees’ work engagement and mediating role of the PsyCap on this relationship. The study was carried out with 462 employees working at 4 and 5 star hotels in the cities in the Central and Eastern Black Sea regions in Turkey. Validity of the study’s scales was evaluated by explanatory (EFA) and confirmatory factor analyses (CFA) and the relations between the variables that comprise the research design were evaluated by the Structural Equation Model (SEM). Findings reveal that, the authentic leadership has a positive effect on both work engagement and PsyCap and PsyCap has a positive effect on the work engagement. Moreover, it is determined that the PsyCap has a partial mediating role in the authentic leadership’s effect on the work engagement. Bootstrap test results also show that the mediating role of the PsyCap determined is significant. As a result, within the framework of the research variables, it can be stated that authentic leaders affect employees’ work engagement directly with their leadership characteristics and partially by supporting and developing employees’ PsyCap elements

Keywords: Authentic Leadership, Positive Psychological Capital, Positive Organizational Behavior, Work Engagement

JEL Classification: D23, M10

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Improving Processes Through Value Stream Mapping: A Case Study in Lean Organization

Improving Processes Through Value Stream Mapping: A Case Study in Lean Organization

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Improving Processes Through Value Stream Mapping: A Case Study in Lean Organization
Author(s): Hakan Aydin, Canan Cetin
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 445-459
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.260
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to explain how the processes were improved in a lean organization through value stream mapping application. It is suggested that value stream mapping enables to observe product value stream, notice the sources of waste in the process, identify improve-ment points in product flow and develop more efficient processes. The application of value stream mapping was implemented in XYZ company, which is significant knowledge and expe-rience of value stream mapping in the automotive sector. XYZ company is on the ISO 500 and employs more than 800 employees. In this study value stream mapping was applied on a single company level. The current state map was drawn after selecting rear seat as product family; then the value stream in the current state map was examined, the future state map designed, and improvements explicated to reach a future state. It was concluded that the number of employees in the company decreased, space-saving was realized, defects diminished, produc-tion capacity increased, line stop time decreased, lead time shortened, finished product inven-tory decreased and production was balanced. It is suggested that value stream mapping may be considered as a significant tool in the improvement of processes and providing significant benefits to businesses planning to be lean organizations.

Keywords: Value Stream Mapping, Process Improvement, Lean Organization, Value, Lean

JEL Classification: D24, L23, M10

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