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Mobile Phone Usage and Addiction Levels in Workplaces: A Research on Public and Private Employees

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Mobile Phone Usage and Addiction Levels in Workplaces: A Research on Public and Private Employees
Author(s): Huseyin Fidan
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 431-447
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.114
Abstract
Developments of information technologies that bring significant advantages to social life and business process bring with it physical and mental problems. Addiction, which is considered as a disease nowadays, is a mental disorder and can be seen in people as a result of overuse of technological devices. Especially mobile phones that people can carry with them at any time increase the risk of addiction. Mobile addiction, which negatively impacts the physical health, work concentration, and productivity of employees in companies, causes the job loss. Determining mobile addiction degree of employees which is neglected in the literature is an important issue for firms. In this study, mobile addiction levels of workers in Burdur, Isparta and Antalya provinces in TR61 region were analyzed by principal components and regression methods. Data were collected by the survey method by using Mobile Addiction Scale. The study found that the mobile addiction ratio among employees is 6% and the mobile addiction tendency is 31.75%. The study shows that mobile addiction is higher in women and in public sector and mobile addiction is not related to gender, age and income level differences.

Keywords: Mobil Addiction, Technology Addiction, Behavioral Addiction, Employees Mobil Addiction, Sectoral Mobil Addiction

JEL Classification: O33, L29

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The Impact of Organizational Conflict on Burnout: A Research in a Public Hospital

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Impact of Organizational Conflict on Burnout: A Research in a Public Hospital
Author(s):  Nezihe Tufekci
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 413-429
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.113
Abstract
Organizational conflict can be considered as an inevitable process because it can be experienced in every organization. Organizational conflict; intergroup conflicts, intragroup conflicts, and/or interpersonal conflicts. The occurrence of organizational clashes can lead to the burnout of employees. The most important indicators of burnout are taken as emotional exhaustion, desensitization and diminished personal success feeling, which are considered as sub-dimensions. The aim of this research is to investigate the effect of the organizational conflict on burnout. In addition to this main purpose, the effects of sub-dimensions of organizational conflict on the sub-dimensions of burnout were also investigated. Within this scope, data were collected from a public hospital in Antalya. A data set was created with 452 people and the hypotheses determined for the purpose of the research were tested. In the research, path analysis with LISREL has been done as the result of the effect of organizational conflict on burnout. Moreover, the results of the intergroup conflicts, the intragroup conflicts and the interpersonal conflicts have affecting the conclusion that a lot of burnout dimensions. Some hypotheses on emotional exhaustion in the study did not give meaningful results.

Keywords: Organizational conflict, burnout, healthcare sector

JEL Classification: M10, I12

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Individual and Working Life Factors Underlying Victims’ Aggressive and Nonaggressive Attitudes Against the Mobbing

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Individual and Working Life Factors Underlying Victims’ Aggressive and Nonaggressive Attitudes Against the Mobbing
Author(s): Oktay Yanik
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 395-411
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.112
Abstract
In this study, the reasons underlying aggressive or nonaggressive attitudes of employees exposed to mobbing were investigated. For this purpose, employees were identified who aggressively responded to mobbing or did not show an aggressive response to five different mobbing behaviors in the form of ‘effecting the victim’s possibilities to maintain personal reputation, physical health, possibilities to maintain social contacts, possibilities to communicate adequately, and occupational situation’, in the sample of 169 employees in the health sector. It was then investigated via discriminant analysis how personal and working life characteristics could be exploited in the differentiation of groups of aggressive and unaggressive employees. Results have been obtained that the employees who react aggressively to mobbing and who are unaggressive are divided into different groups according to their marital status, tenure, education status, and management status. Finally, in line with the results of the research, some suggestions have been made to investigate the subject of the search with different variables.

Keywords: Mobbing, Non-Aggression, Aggression, Personal and Working Life Factors, Victims of Mobbing

JEL Classification: M10, M12, D74

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The Relationships Between Prosocial Behaviors, Organizational Cynicism and Psychological Capital: The Moderator Effect of Organizational Identity

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Relationships Between Prosocial Behaviors, Organizational Cynicism and Psychological Capital: The Moderator Effect of Organizational Identity
Author(s): Vildan Hilal Akcay
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 381-393
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.111
Abstract
The purpose of this study is to examine the relationship between psychological capital and organizational identity on prosocial behaviors and organizational cynicism. We studied 227 employees from a broad cross section of organizations in İstanbul. Thus we intend to build this investigation on a different sample from a sample of American culture. It was found that each of the variables of employees’s psychological capital and organizational identity is positively related to prosocial behaviors, negatively related to organizational cynicism. There was no statistical difference between basic variables in terms of demographic factors. Also it was found that organizational identity didn’t moderate the relationship between neither psychological capital and prosocial behaviors nor psychological capital and organizational cynicism. Finally, the implications of this study were compared to other investigation built in America and limitations of the study were discussed.

Keywords: Organizational Identity, Prosocial Behaviors, Organizational Cynicism, Psychological Capital, Moderation Effect

JEL Classification: J25, L29, M12, M54

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Academic Staff’s Perceived Organizational Justice and Their Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Psychological Capital

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Academic Staff’s Perceived Organizational Justice and Their Organizational Citizenship Behaviors: The Mediating Role of Psychological Capital
Author(s): Simge Samanci, H. Nejat Basim
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 363-380
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.110
Abstract
The main goal of the universities is to train individuals who have sufficient knowledge and skills and who will receive high demand in business life with their strong academic staff. For this reason, it is very important that graduates with the necessary equipment and knowledge from the universities of the students who are the only hope for the future of the countries. This study explores the mediating role of psychological capital between organizational citizenship behavior and perceived organizational justice with the help of the structural equation model. In this respect, 6,643 questionnaires were sent to the academic staffs from 190 selected universities in the Republic of Turkey with random sampling method and the data were collected from 611 respondents. After analysis of data it has been found that organizational justice partially affects organizational citizenship behaviors and similarly it is found that psychological capital has partial influence on organizational citizenship behaviors. On the other hand, the result is that the psychological capital has a partial mediating effect on the model. It has been found that studies on the possibility that the psychological capital can be an intermediary variable are very limited. In this context, it is thought that this study can contribute to the literature.

Keywords: Organizational Citizenship Behavior, Perceived Organizational Justice, Psychological Capital, Structural Equation Model, Mediation

JEL Classification: D23, D63, M10

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Decision-Making Problems in Natural Disaster Insurance: Public Intervention

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Decision-Making Problems in Natural Disaster Insurance: Public Intervention
Author(s): Tulin Altun
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 349-361
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.109
Abstract
In this study, decisions about natural disaster insurance is examined through the behavioral literature and public interventions are suggested. Natural disasters are low probability but high consequence events. In natural disaster insurance, the risk and uncertainty are higher than in other markets, leading to more frequent decision-making problems. Intuitive thinking, systematic bias, learning mistakes, social norms and social comparisons, public aids and political interests cause non-rational decisions to be made. Non-rational behavior of insurance consumers, suppliers and public sector, which operates as a regulatory institution causes inadequate insurance coverage. Inadequate insurance coverage leads to loss of individual and social welfare and increases the government’s implicit fiscal liabilities. Asymmetric paternalist political instruments, such as mandatory insurance, framing, multi-year insurance contracts can reduce decision-making problems. Regulations on insurance contracts and public-private partnerships can resolve market failures.

Keywords: Natural Disasters, Disaster Insurance, Behavioral Theory, Decision-Making Problems Public Interventions

JEL Classification: D81, G22, H40

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Measurement and Reporting of Intellectual Capital with Calculated Intangible Value Method

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Measurement and Reporting of Intellectual Capital with Calculated Intangible Value Method
Author(s): Selim Yuksel Pazarceviren, H. Pinar Kaya
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 331-348
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.108
Abstract
The main purposes of this study are to examine the studies measuring and reporting intellectual capital, to revise these studies with accounting perspective and to determine the intellectual capital values of firms operating in Textile and Leather Products Industry in Borsa Istanbul for the years 2014-2016 via “Calculated Intangible Value Method”. The findings reveal that intellectual capital indicating firms’ fair value is to be reported. However, it is difficult to recognize intellectual capital as an intangible asset and to report it in financial tables since there is not a direct definition towards intellectual capital in International Financial Reporting Standards and Turkish Accounting Standards/Turkish Financial Reporting Standards. This study reveals that the best reporting approach is to present the information related with intellectual capital in the annual reports of firms within the frame of current regulations.

Keywords: Intellectual Capital, Knowledge, Calculated Intangible Value Method, Intangible Asset, Financial Reporting

JEL Classification: M40, M41

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Threshold Effect of the Number of Bank Relationships on the Tunisian Firm Performance

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Threshold Effect of the Number of Bank Relationships on the Tunisian Firm Performance
Author(s): Abdelaziz Hakimi
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 317-330
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.107
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to define the optimal number of bank relations and to investigate its impact on the performance of some Tunisian firms. To achieve these goals, we used a sample of 36 Tunisian listed companies over the period 2008-2015 and we performed the Panel Smooth Transition Regression (PSTR) as econometric approach. Empirical results show that the optimal number of bank relationship for Tunisian listed companies is 3.222. Findings indicate that within this optimal number, bank-firm relationships exert a positive and significant effect on the performance of the Tunisian listed companies. For macroeconomic factors, results show that the Growth rate of Gross domestic Product (GDPG) increases significantly the firm performance; however, the effect of inflation is negative but not significant.

Keywords: Tunisian Firms, Bank-Firm Relations, PSTR Model

JEL Classification: G21, G32, L14

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Foreign Direct Investment, International Trade and Financial Development in BRICS-T Countries: A Bootstrap Panel Causality Analysis

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Foreign Direct Investment, International Trade and Financial Development in BRICS-T Countries: A Bootstrap Panel Causality Analysis
Author(s): Serkan Sahin
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 301-316
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.106
Abstract
The aim of this paper is to investigate, within a Bootstrap panel causality approach, the interactions among foreign direct investment (FDI), international trade and financial development in BRICS-T countries (Brazil, Russia, India, China South Africa and Turkey). While the effect of foreign direct investment on economic growth is well documented, the consequences of FDI on financial development have not received as much attention. Previous studies have recognized that FDI is a crucial source of financing especially for emerging economies, though the benefit of FDI to recipient country is ambiguous. Furthermore, the number of previous studies examining the causal linkage between international trade and financial development is also limited. Besides, examining the associations among these factors, this study also investigates the joint effect of FDI and international trade on financial development in these countries. Empirical findings from a bootstrap panel causality approach indicate that FDI induce financial development in Brazil, Russia, and China. In addition, international trade promotes financial market development in Brazil, Russia and South Africa. Empirical findings also indicate that financial development stimulates international trade in Brazil, India and Turkey. Finally, it is found in this study that not only international trade stimulates FDI, but also FDI induce international trade in India and Turkey.

Keywords: Financial Development, FDI, International Trade, Bootstrap Panel Causality, BRICS-T Countries

JEL Classification: B17, E22, G10, E44, O16

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Testing Multi Bubbles for Commodity Derivative Markets: A Study on MCX

 
Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Testing Multi Bubbles for Commodity Derivative Markets: A Study on MCX
Author(s): Ayben Koy
Volume: 9
Number: 2
Year: 2018
Page: 291-299
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2018.105
Abstract
Due to their volatility differences, yield differences and low correlations with equity markets, metal futures are held for diversification in the international investors’ portfolios. Beginning with dot.com bubble and following global crisis, the mutual movement of equity markets caused investors to canalize alternative investment vehicles. The study aims to investigate if there are bubbles in metal futures in The Multi Commodity Exchange of India Limited (MCX) related the period beginning from January 2010 to August 2017 for copper, lead, nickel and zinc; and March 2010 to August 2017 for aluminum in a weekly data range. Using Sup Augmented Dickey Fuller (SADF) and Generalized Sup Augmented Dickey Fuller (GSADF) tests, no evidence on bubble could be found in any metal market in the used MCX sample. The precious metal markets are out of the sample because of their relatively high volatility.

Keywords: Bubble, Commodity Market, Metal Market, SADF, GSADF

JEL Classification: G00, G10, G15, C58

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