Category: Manuscript2

(Turkish) Demografik Özelliklere Göre Çalışanların Uzaktan Çalışma Algıları Arasındaki Farklılıkların Analizi

(Turkish) Demografik Özelliklere Göre Çalışanların Uzaktan Çalışma Algıları Arasındaki Farklılıkların Analizi

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Analysis of the Differences between Employees’ Perceptions of Remote Working According to Demographic Characteristics
Author(s): Duygu Toygur Eroglu, Ramazan Gundem, Umut Eroglu
Volume: 14
Number: 1
Year: 2023
Page: xx-xx
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.399
Abstract
Although remote working has developed quite slowly from the 1970s when it came to the agenda until the time of the Covid-19 pandemic, it has turned into a necessary working practice due to the extraordinary conditions caused by the pandemic. The prominence of remote working as a phenomenon that has become widespread with the pandemic has made its possible benefits in terms of organizations, employees, society, and the environment more visible. At the same time, the difficulties encountered in remote working practices have drawn the attention of both researchers and practitioners in this direction. This study aims to reveal whether the perceptions of remote workers in businesses about their remote working experiences differ according to their demographic characteristics. Data were collected from 667 people with remote working experience using a survey method. Data were analyzed using t-test and one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA). The findings of the study showed that there is no statistically significant difference between the general remote working perceptions of the employees according to the stated demographic variables. In spite of that, it was determined that there are significant differences according to demographic variables in the relevance, impact on society, organizational support, affecting relationships, work-life balance, financial contribution and skill development dimensions of the remote working perception scale.

Keywords: Remote Working, Teleworking, Working from Home, Perceptions of Remote Working

JEL Classification: M12, J20, L20

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Mediating Roles of the Switching Costs and Attraction of Alternatives in the Value-Satisfaction-Loyalty Chain: GSM Operators Implementation

Mediating Roles of the Switching Costs and Attraction of Alternatives in the Value-Satisfaction-Loyalty Chain: GSM Operators Implementation

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Mediating Roles of the Switching Costs and Attraction of Alternatives in the Value-Satisfaction-Loyalty Chain: GSM Operators Implementation
Author(s): Alaiddin Kosar, Umit Dogrul
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 707-724
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.398
Abstract
In this study, the relationships between value-satisfaction-loyalty are examined. It is also examined whether switching costs and the attractiveness of alternatives have mediating roles in the effect of customer satisfaction on customer loyalty. The study is important because there is no similar study in the national literature in the context of the variables used, the model created, and the sector examined. In this context, the data is collected through face-to-face questionnaires from 400 people residing in Mersin province in Turkey. Structural equation modeling is used in the data analysis. A result of the research, it is found that all perceived value dimensions, except emotional value, have a significant and positive effect on customer satisfaction, customer satisfaction affects customer loyalty and switching costs positively, while the attractiveness of alternatives affects negatively, the attractiveness of alternatives affects customer loyalty negatively, and switching costs do not have a significant effect on the attractiveness of alternatives. Moreover, in the effect of customer satisfaction on customer loyalty, both switching costs and the attractiveness of alternatives have partial mediating roles.

Keywords: Value, Customer Satisfaction, Customer Loyalty, Switching Costs, Attractiveness of Alternatives

JEL Classification: M10, M31

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Factors Building Consumer Trust in Instagram Stores and the Influence of Trust in Instagram Stores on Purchasing Intention

Factors Building Consumer Trust in Instagram Stores and the Influence of Trust in Instagram Stores on Purchasing Intention

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Factors Building Consumer Trust in Instagram Stores and the Influence of Trust in Instagram Stores on Purchasing Intention
Author(s): Yesevi Alperen Yasa, Ruziye Cop
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 687-705
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.397
Abstract
That Instagram is one of the most used social media platforms around the world which makes this application also one of the largest global markets in the world. People or businesses may easily set up a virtual store by employing the application Instagram. However, in order to achieve success in Instagram, it is necessary to gain the trust of consumers just like in e-commerce sites. The aim of this study is to determine factors forming the trust in Instagram stores and effect of the trust in Instagram stores on the purchase intention. Within this scope, 439 people were surveyed, which were selected by means of convenience sampling method, are Instagram users. Variance-based structural equation modeling was employed for analyses. In the conclusion of analyses carried out, it was detected that factors pertaining to the propensity to trust, customer endorsement, user likes and the number of followers, the perceived integrity, perceived benevolence, and perceived competence of an Instagram vendor have an effect on the trust of consumers in Instagram stores. Furthermore, it was concluded that the trust in Instagram stores had an effect on the purchase intention of users from Instagram stores.

Keywords: Instagram Stores, Instagram Shopping, Online Retailing, Consumer Trust, Social Media Marketing

JEL Classification: M31, L81, L82

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Determination of Factors Related to the Acceptability of Obesity Tax by Logistic Regression Analysis

Determination of Factors Related to the Acceptability of Obesity Tax by Logistic Regression Analysis

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Determination of Factors Related to the Acceptability of Obesity Tax by Logistic Regression Analysis
Author(s): Zuhal Akbelen, Zehra Berna Aydin, Hatice Resber
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 671-685
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.396
Abstract
Obesity is a common disease all over the world recently. Obesity poses a significant threat to national and global public health in terms of prevalence, spread, and economic burden. In the international arena, states are taking precautions against obesity. One of these measures is the obesity tax on unhealthy foods. However, although the obesity tax is applied by many states today, the success of this tax will vary depending on the attitudes of individuals towards the obesity tax. In this context, the aim of the research is to determine the factors related to the acceptability of obesity tax by using binary logistic regression analysis, which is one of the logistic regression methods. In the research, data were collected from 504 people on the internet using the convenience sampling technique. As a result of the analysis, it was seen that the views on the obesity tax and obesity culture have a significant effect on the acceptability of the obesity tax. Despite that, weight, education, monthly net income, food consumption, and sports habits variables did not have a significant effect on the acceptability of the obesity tax.

Keywords: Obesity, Obesity Tax, Obesity Culture, Obesity Costs, Logistic Regression

JEL Classification: H23, H27

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Investigation of The Relationship of Tax Revenues and Government Expenditures in Turkey: Evidence by Fourier Approaches

Investigation of The Relationship of Tax Revenues and Government Expenditures in Turkey: Evidence by Fourier Approaches

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Investigation of The Relationship of Tax Revenues and Government Expenditures in Turkey: Evidence by Fourier Approaches
Author(s): Abdullah Emre Caglar, Ersin Yavuz
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 657-669
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.395
Abstract
The aim of the study is to test the validity of tax-spend, spend-tax, fiscal synchronization, and institutional separation hypotheses in the relationship between tax revenues and government expenditures in Turkey for the period 1975-2021. In analysis, Enders and Lee (2012) ADF type Fourier unit root test, Tsong et al. (2016) Fourier cointegration approach, DOLS estimator, and Nazlioglu et al. (2016) Fourier Toda-Yamamoto causality test is applied. As a result of the analysis, the Fourier cointegration approach reveals that there is a cointegration relationship between the variables in the model where tax revenues are the dependent variable. According to the DOLS estimator, a 1% increase in government expenditures positively affects tax revenues by 0.66%. The causality findings provide evidence that there is unidirectional causality from government expenditures to tax revenues. As a result, the findings indicate that the expenditure-tax hypothesis is valid in the examined period. Therefore, governments should focus on government expenditures in order to balance the budget.

Keywords: Tax Revenues, Government Expenditures, Fourier Causality, Fourier Cointegration

JEL Classification: C23, H20, H50

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Prioritizing the Digitalization Barriers: An AHP Application in the Turkish Logistics Industry

Prioritizing the Digitalization Barriers: An AHP Application in the Turkish Logistics Industry

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Prioritizing the Digitalization Barriers: An AHP Application in the Turkish Logistics Industry
Author(s): Ipek Akman Durgut, Ilke Sezin Ayaz, Esra Baran Kasapoglu
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 639-656
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.394
Abstract
Digitalization has become an essential part of the logistics industry in the rapidly developing and changing environment. Considering the benefits that might provide to the logistics industry, revealing the barriers to digitalization has significant importance. In this study, barriers encountered in the transition to digital systems in the logistics sector in Turkey were prioritized with the Analytical Hierarchy Process method. According to the evaluations of ten experts, the barriers encountered are categorized under five groups as organizational, managerial, technical, financial, and the barriers arising from customer expectations. It has been determined that financial barriers were identified as the main barrier to the digitalization of the logistics industry. Technical barriers were determined in the second place, and barriers from customer expectations were the least prioritized barrier. With this exploratory study, it is expected to contribute to the literature by determining and prioritizing the barriers to digitalization in the Turkish logistics sector.

Keywords: Digitalization, Barriers, Logistics, Logistics Industry, Analytical Hierarchy Process Method

JEL Classification: O33, L91

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The Relationship Between Geopolitical Risk and Foreign Direct Investments and Financial Development: Kónya Panel Causality Analysis

The Relationship Between Geopolitical Risk and Foreign Direct Investments and Financial Development: Kónya Panel Causality Analysis

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Relationship Between Geopolitical Risk and Foreign Direct Investments and Financial Development: Kónya Panel Causality Analysis
Author(s): Turgay Ceyhan, Nazlıgul Gulcan
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 625-637
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.393
Abstract
Geopolitical developments have significant effects on the economic and financial indicators of the countries due to the fact that the economies of the countries are open to external shocks. Rising geopolitical risks increase political and economic uncertainties and cause significant fluctuations in financial investments and capital movements. In this context, in this study, the effect of geopolitical risk on foreign direct investments and financial development was investigated. The 1985-2020 annual data of Canada, France, Germany, Italy, Japan, Russia, the United States, and the United Kingdom (G8 countries) were analyzed with the Kónya (2006) panel causality test. As a result of the analysis, it was found that there is a causality from geopolitical risk to foreign direct investments and financial development. In the case of countries, geopolitical risks in Canada, France, Germany, Russia and the United Kingdom are the Granger cause of foreign direct investment; geopolitical risks in Japan, Russia, the United States and the United Kingdom were determined to be the Granger cause of financial development.

Keywords: Geopolitical Risk, Foreign Direct Investments, Financial Development, Cross-Section Dependence, Panel Causality

JEL Classification: G32, F21, C23

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The Relation Between Trading Volume and Return Volatility: Evidence from Borsa Istanbul

The Relation Between Trading Volume and Return Volatility: Evidence from Borsa Istanbul

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Relation Between Trading Volume and Return Volatility: Evidence from Borsa Istanbul
Author(s): Deniz Ikizlerli
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 607-623
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.392
Abstract
This study investigates the relationship between volume and volatility in the context of the Mixture of Distribution Hypothesis (MDH) and Sequential Information Arrival Hypothesis (SIAH) with respect to company size in Borsa Istanbul (BIST). Employing the generalized method of moments (GMM) method and granger causality tests, we find statistical evidence supporting the MDH for large-cap stocks, whereas we document no evidence of contemporaneous interaction between volume and volatility for mid-cap and small-cap stocks. This suggests that the dissemination of information in the stock market appears to be primarily through large firms. Our findings for large cap stocks have not changed across economic states. In terms of SIAH, for the stocks of companies of any size, we document uni-directional causality running from volatility to volume but not the other way around which is not consistent with the SIAH. However, we find supporting evidence of the SIAH for large cap stocks during the expansion periods.

Keywords: Mixture of Distribution Hypothesis (MDH), Sequential Information Arrival Hypothesis (SIAH), Trading Volume, Return Volatility, Granger Causality, GMM

JEL Classification: G10, G12, G14

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Sustainable Information and Communication Technologies: A Critical Query for CO2 Emissions in Panel Countries

Sustainable Information and Communication Technologies: A Critical Query for CO2 Emissions in Panel Countries

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Sustainable Information and Communication Technologies: A Critical Query for CO2 Emissions in Panel Countries
Author(s): Filiz Cayiragasi
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 593-606
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.391
Abstract
In the context of a sustainable environment, innovative information and communication technology solutions are not only an important tool for reducing the carbon footprint in the fight against global warming and climate change, but they also contribute to globalization. Using Comtrade data, this study analyzes the relationship between exports of information and communication technologies and carbon emissions in selected countries for the years 1993-2014. The study uses two models. The dependent variable of the first model is carbon emissions and that of the second model is carbon emissions from electricity and heat generation. First, a Westerlund cointegration test, a cross-sectional dependence test, and a fully modified least squares test were conducted, followed by a panel causality analysis. The results showed that exports of information and communication technology services, individual internet use, and per capita gross domestic product increased carbon dioxide emissions, and there was no causal relationship between carbon dioxide emissions from electricity and heat generation, carbon dioxide emissions, and trade.

Keywords: Sustainable Development, ICT Export, Economic Growth, CO2 Emission, Energy

JEL Classification: Q01, Q56, P33

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Monetary Policymaking under Climate Uncertainty

Monetary Policymaking under Climate Uncertainty

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Monetary Policymaking under Climate Uncertainty
Author(s): Zeynep Kantur, Gulserim Ozcan
Volume: 13
Number: 4
Year: 2022
Page: 579-591
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2022.390
Abstract
The most effective policy to prevent climate change is the decarbonization of the production process. Decarbonization, which should be planned and not delayed, will cause some assets to become idle or stranded, either entirely or partially. Therefore, the transition to a low-carbon economy results in sudden and unexpected fluctuations in asset prices. These shocks will affect the relevant sector and all production sectors with a domino effect and deteriorate financial stability. To the extent that these shocks are predictable, policymakers can prepare for the repercussions of green financial transformation. However, the tools needed to pre-measure them are new and dependent on many economic variables. Therefore, policymakers need a road map to act under this uncertainty. This paper theoretically provides insights into central banks’ role/engagement under climate change ambiguity. The paper shows that the less the central bank trusts its policy model, the higher the sensitivities of inflation, output-gap, and asset price-gap to climate-related shocks. Hence, an aggressive response of monetary policy is required in the face of uncertainty.

Keywords: Climate Change, Monetary Policy, Financial Stability, New Keynesian Model, Knightian Uncertainty, DSGE Model

JEL Classification: D81, E37, E58, Q54

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