Category: Manuscript

The Mediating Role of Psychological Well-Being in the Effect of Core Self-Evaluation on Job Satisfaction

The Mediating Role of Psychological Well-Being in the Effect of Core Self-Evaluation on Job Satisfaction

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Mediating Role of Psychological Well-Being in the Effect of Core Self-Evaluation on Job Satisfaction
Author(s): Muhammet Tortumlu, Abdurrahman Serhan Barutcu,
Tahsin Akcakanat, Hasan Hüseyin Uzunbacak
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1147-1162
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.304
Abstract
The aim of this study is to determine the mediating role of psychological well-being in the effect of core self-evaluation on job satisfaction. The data of the research were collected from the employees of a district municipality in İstanbul. The data were obtained from a total of 207 white-collar employees with a convenience sampling method. Confirmatory factor analysis was used to test the validity of the scales. Bootstrap regression analysis was used to determine the mediating role. According to the obtained findings, it was found that psychological well-being played a partial mediating role in the effect of core self- evaluation and job satisfaction on each other. In addition, significant and positive effects were found between core self- evaluation, job satisfaction, and psychological well-being variables. Findings determined in this direction were discussed within the framework of academic literature and various suggestions were made.

Keywords: Core Self-evaluation, Job Satisfaction, Psychological Well-Being, Self-evaluation Theory, Mediating Role

JEL Classification: D23, D73, M12

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Which One is Difficult – Staying and Suffering Injustice or Quitting No Matter What?

Which One is Difficult – Staying and Suffering Injustice or Quitting No Matter What?

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Which One is Difficult – Staying and Suffering Injustice or Quitting No Matter What?
Author(s): Simge Dumlu Tingul, Senay Yurur
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1133-1145
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.303
Abstract
It is well known that unfair practices in organizations affect employees’ intention to quit their job or actual turnover. However, in countries with high unemployment rates, the effect of unfair practices on the intention to quit the job and on actual turnover will not be the same. In countries with low employment opportunities, employees may be expected to endure unfair practices and to continue to remain in the organization. The aim of this study designed with these assumptions is how unfair practices in organizations shape the employees’ actual turnover. Qualitative research conducted for this purpose, interviews were carried out with 20 people who were quitted from their previous job voluntarily. As a result of the analyses conducted with the descriptive analysis technique, it was found that unfair practices in the organizations were the major reasons for the actual turnovers. In addition, the main reason for these actual quits was the unfair distribution of the resources and the unfair behavior of their managers. The other results were discussed in the conclusion section.

Keywords: Organizational Justice, Actual Turnover, Distributive Justice, Interactional Justice, Procedural Justice

JEL Classification: M10, M12

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The Effect of Perceived Organizational Justice on Employees’ Attitudes to Business Ethics: An Empirical Research on Private Sector

The Effect of Perceived Organizational Justice on Employees’ Attitudes to Business Ethics: An Empirical Research on Private Sector

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effect of Perceived Organizational Justice on Employees’ Attitudes to Business Ethics: An Empirical Research on Private Sector
Author(s): Ahmet Mumcu
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1119-1132
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.302
Abstract
This study is conducted to investigate the effect of perceived organizational justice on attitudes towards employees’ business ethics. In the study, the concepts of organizational justice and business ethics, which are perceived, are given theoretically. Later, in the context of justice and ethics, the relationship between organizational justice and business ethics is addressed on the basis of qualitative and quantitative studies. Field research is carried out on 346 personnel working at businesses operating in the private sector. Structural Equation Model (SEM) is used in the analysis of the data obtained from the research. As a result of the evaluation of the research data, it is found out that perceived distribution justice and perceived interactional justice don’t have a significant effect on the attitudes of employees towards business ethics. On the other hand, it is also found out that perceived procedural justice has a positive effect on employees’ attitudes towards business ethics.

Keywords: Ethic, Business Ethic, Organizational Justice

JEL Classification: D23, M10

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Effect of The Career Future Perceptions on Employer Attractiveness Perceptions

Effect of The Career Future Perceptions on Employer Attractiveness Perceptions

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Effect of The Career Future Perceptions on Employer Attractiveness Perceptions
Author(s): Berk Ozcinar, Emel Esen
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1097-1117
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.301
Abstract
When considering the human resource is the most important factor to be successful for the companies today, attracting the potential employees who are able to improve themselves, cope with the obstacles that will meet along with his or her careers, adapt to changes, struggle with uncertainties, have a positive perspective for future has become rather important. In the study, it was aimed to measure the effect of the levels of perception of generations career future on employer attractiveness. For this purpose, a survey was conducted with 361 participants. In the measurement of career future perception, “career future scale” developed by Rottinghaus et al. (2005) was used and in the measurement of employer attractiveness, the “employer attractiveness scale” developed by Berthon et al. (2005) was used. According to the results obtained by the conducted research, it is realized that the perception of career future affects especially improvement value, social value, and benefit value of employee attractiveness positively and affects economic value negatively. It was also found that there are differences in career future perceptions and employer attractiveness according to gender, generation, employment status, and education level.

Keywords: Career Future Perception, Career Adaptation, Career Optimism, Employer Attractiveness

JEL Classification: M10, M19

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Smart Organizations from Organizational Intelligence Perspective

Smart Organizations from Organizational Intelligence Perspective

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Smart Organizations from Organizational Intelligence Perspective
Author(s): Halit Keskin, Dilek Balak
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1083-1096
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.300
Abstract
Based on the individual intelligence literature, the conceptualization of organizational intelligence and the idea that organizational intelligence has a central role in the building of smart organizations has been the starting point of the study. Organizational intelligence refers to the capability that the organizations can both perform their daily routine activities and make decisions about unexpected situations in the dynamic global environment. Thus, organizations that can use this potential are defined as smart organizations. In this study, considering the effects of organizational intelligence on decision making, this study provides a conceptual framework which shows the central role of organizational intelligence on the construction of smart organizations. This research also discusses how organizational intelligence can create smart organizations that learn to manage information wisely. In this context, a literature review was made on organizational intelligence and smart organizations, the relationship between organizational intelligence and smart organizations was examined and future directions for upcoming studies were provided.

Keywords: Intelligence, Organizational Intelligence, Smart Organizations

JEL Classification: M10, M19

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The Role of Materialism and Hedonic Consumption on Compulsive Buying Tendency: A Study on Female Consumers Buying Actual Products

The Role of Materialism and Hedonic Consumption on Compulsive Buying Tendency: A Study on Female Consumers Buying Actual Products

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Role of Materialism and Hedonic Consumption on Compulsive Buying Tendency: A Study on Female Consumers Buying Actual Products
Author(s): Emine Senbabaoglu Danaci
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1069-1081
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.299
Abstract
Today’s consumers tend towards consumption through different motivations for different purposes. Observing that the consumers acting in line with their emotions are increasing day by day, increases the importance of the factors examined within the scope of the study. With this study, research was conducted on female consumers who purchase actual products. “Actual products” are product groups in different categories and brands that are periodically offered for sale in a limited number of days, determined for one or two days a week. Researches were done from a very limited number of marketing perspectives regarding the product group in question. However, it is an area with a very high demand and known to have a high market share. The aim of this study is to examine the effect of materialism and hedonic consumption tendency of female consumers buying actual products on compulsive buying tendency. Within the scope of the research, data were collected from 395 female consumers who were reached by convenience sampling method, using the survey technique. As a result of the study in which SPSS and SmartPLS package programs were used in the analysis of the data, it was found that the materialism and hedonic consumption tendency of female consumers who purchased actual products had a positive effect on the compulsive buying tendency.

Keywords: Compulsive Buying Tendency, Materialism, Hedonic Consumption Tendency, Actual Product

JEL Classification: M10, M31, C12

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An Empirical Research on the Relationship Between Innovation and Logistics Dimensions

An Empirical Research on the Relationship Between Innovation and Logistics Dimensions

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: An Empirical Research on the Relationship Between Innovation and Logistics Dimensions
Author(s): Furkan Fahri Altintas
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1049-1067
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.298
Abstract
When countries evaluate innovation and logistics as a whole and carry out activities to complement each other, countries will be able to specialize in the field of innovation and logistics and, accordingly, ensure the development of innovation and logistics dimensions globally. In this context, in research, the relations between the innovation and logistics dimensions within the scope of the global innovation and logistics performance values of G-7 countries, which have more than half of the global wealth in the world and have a certain economic development and size, were evaluated in multi-dimensional terms. According to the findings, it is determined that there is a significant, positive, and very high-level relationship between innovation and logistics dimensions. The fact that the relationship between innovation and logistics is very high has been evaluated as one of the factors or reasons that G7 countries have economic size, development, and global wealth. Again, according to the findings, it was concluded that the innovation dimension contributed more to the relationship between innovation and logistics dimension than the logistics dimension. Therefore, it is considered that these countries place more importance on the innovation dimension in ensuring the relationship between innovation and logistics dimensions.

Keywords: Innovation, Logistics, Global Innovation Index, Logistics Performance Index, Relationship

JEL Classification: O50, O30, L87

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The Share of Municipality-Owned Enterprises in Local Public Procurement and Their Effectiveness: An Example of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality

The Share of Municipality-Owned Enterprises in Local Public Procurement and Their Effectiveness: An Example of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Share of Municipality-Owned Enterprises in Local Public Procurement and Their Effectiveness: An Example of Bursa Metropolitan Municipality
Author(s): Erdal Eroglu
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1035-1048
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.297
Abstract
Factors such as urbanization, population growth, and localization have increased the demand for services of municipalities. With the increasing demand for services, the role of municipal economic enterprises established within the municipality has become important in the realization of service delivery. While the expenditures of the municipalities increased with the services provided by the municipality, there was no increase in the revenues of the municipality in the same direction. This situation brought up the problem of financing in municipalities. The main issue in solving the financing problem is the efficient use of resources. One of the important ways that municipalities, which have become an important buyer in the private market, will use in the efficient use of resources is to make public procurements transparent and competitive. The purpose of this study, which examines the shares of municipal economic enterprises in local public procurements through Bursa Metropolitan Municipality sample, is to reveal whether competition and equal treatment has been carried out in municipal tenders. In this context, the public procurements made by the Bursa Metropolitan Municipality between the years 2010-2020 from the electronic public procurement platform were examined and the competition conditions were analyzed in the tenders participated by the municipal economic enterprises. Results achieved in the study show that Bursa Metropolitan Municipality has an important share in municipal economic enterprises in public procurements and does not comply with the principles of competition and equal treatment of the municipality.

Keywords: Municipality, Municipality-Owned Enterprises, Public Procurement, Competition, Effectiveness

JEL Classification: H57, H70, H76

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The Problem of Institutionalization of Capital in the Ottoman Manufacturing Industry: An Evaluation on Bursa Silk Sector

The Problem of Institutionalization of Capital in the Ottoman Manufacturing Industry: An Evaluation on Bursa Silk Sector

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Problem of Institutionalization of Capital in the Ottoman Manufacturing Industry: An Evaluation on Bursa Silk Sector
Author(s): Ozgur Teoman, Cumali Bozpinar
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1013-1033
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.296
Abstract
The debate on transition to capitalism in the Ottoman Empire continues. In this study, the role of capital in the development of capitalist relations in the Ottoman Empire in the absence of an institutional credit mechanism was investigated through the incorporation practice. For this purpose, the XIXth century Bursa silk sector case was analysed. This is because it is the most integrated among the Ottoman Empire sectors with the European markets. This quality of the sector has enabled the comparison of Western Europe with the Ottoman Empire in terms of industrial capitalism. For making the comparison, Western European company history, secondary sources and studies on the subject were examined. In this context, the political, religious, and socioeconomic features that were effective on the emergence and development of institutional organizations in the Ottoman Empire were taken into consideration. Depending on the characteristics in question, it was understood that the capitalist transformation was realized through formal and tacit agreements of usurer-foreign/minority merchant-bureaucrat cooperation in Bursa silk sector, differently from the corporation in Western Europe, even at the point of raw material-intermediate production. However, the capitalist transformation was not observed in the manufacture of final products and other textiles, and that then loss of employment and production appeared in these branches of activity as a result of the complete incorporation of the Empire into the center-periphery relationship with the Act of Port of Treaty of 1838 signed with Britain.

Keywords: Corporatization, Bursa, Silk, Usurer, Deindustrialization

JEL Classification: N65, N95

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Innovation Generation Capacity of Turkey According to the Triple Helix Approach

Innovation Generation Capacity of Turkey According to the Triple Helix Approach

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Innovation Generation Capacity of Turkey According to the Triple Helix Approach
Author(s): Nilcan Mert, Sibel Cengiz
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1001-1012
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.295
Abstract
The Triple Helix Innovation Approach Model, based on university-industry-government cooperation, was first proposed by Etzkowitz (1983) and was developed by Leydesdorff in 1995. Triple Helix Innovation Approach Model in the information age is based on the cooperation of universities, industry and government to develop innovation. For this reason, it focuses on the need for a compulsory and strong communication between the university, industry and government. This model is thought to be the key to improving conditions for innovation, where university-industry and government interaction. In this study, innovation capacities in Turkey’s technology systems were examined in the framework of the Triple Helix Innovation Model. The Bounds test approach was used in the study, which used R&D expenditures, number of patents, government incentives and number of scientific articles covering the period 1991-2017. The results showed that there was a statistically significant and long-term positive relationship between high technology exports with number of patents, and negative relationship between R&D expenditures. In addition, a positive but statistically insignificant relationship was found between the number of government subsidies and scientific articles and high technology exports. The results of the error correction analysis showed that there is a short-run relationship between high technology exports and variables. Results indicate that the Triple Helix approach is invalid for Turkey in the analysis period.

Keywords: Triple Helix Innovation Approach Model, Innovation, Bounds Test

JEL Classification: O21, O31, C32

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