The Effects of Sudden Stops on the Turkish Economy: A Structural VAR Approach

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effects of Sudden Stops on the Turkish Economy: A Structural VAR Approach
Author(s): Bilge Kagan Ozdemir, Mehmet Obekcan
Volume: 11
Number: 2
Year: 2020
Page: 307-321
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.251
Abstract
This study investigates the effects of the sudden stop problem on the economic performance of emerging market economies in Turkey sampling. In this context, this study is driven by small-open economy assumption and Fed effective funds rate used as an external triggering factor that causes sudden stop by taking into account the related literature. To evaluate the effects of sudden stop problem on domestic economy, interest rate, credits to private sector, current account balance, current financial account, real effective exchange rate, consumer price index and industrial production index are selected as domestic variables which supposed related to the resilience of sudden stops. Data, which used in the study, are monthly and they span from 2003:01 to 2019:09. In addition, the SVAR model with block exogeneity is applied as empirical method. The results of the study show that an unexpected increase in Fed effective interest rate trigger to decreases in capital inflow. As capital inflow decreases, real effective exchange rate, credits to private sector and industrial production decreases, also interest rate and consumer price index and current account balance increase. These results suggest that external factors are effective in triggering sudden stop problem.

Keywords: Capital Inflows, Sudden Stop, External Shocks, SVAR, Block Exogeneity

JEL Classification: E44 F32 F34

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