The Effect of Financial Development on Economic Growth in Fragile Economics

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: The Effect of Financial Development on Economic Growth in Fragile Economics
Author(s): Faruk Mike, Ali Eren Alper
Volume: 12
Number: 1
Year: 2021
Page: 49-64
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2021.310
Abstract
This study aims to analyse the impact of financial development on economic growth for fragile five economies, which are based on the country classification by Morgan Stanley. Accordingly, Shin cointegration, Fourier Shin cointegration, and Toda-Yamamoto causality analyses were performed for the annual observations from 1980 to 2017. Fourier Shin cointegration test results reveal the existence of a long-run relationship between economic growth and financial development, capital stock, and human development index for four countries, namely Brazil, India, South Africa, and Turkey. On the other hand, Shin cointegration test results indicate the existence of cointegration relationship between series for Brazil, Indonesia, and South Africa. Dynamic Least Squares estimator shows that financial development has positive and statistically significant coefficients for four countries, namely India, Indonesia, South Africa, and Turkey (except Brazil). Finally, Toda-Yamamoto causality analyses reveal that there is only a unidirectional causality running from financial development to economic growth for Indonesia and South Africa. The findings reveal that the level of financial development is a significant parameter in fragile economies’ sustainable growth processes.

Keywords: Financial Development, Economic Growth, Fragile Economics, Fourier Cointegration Test, Causality Analysis

JEL Classification: C32, G15, O40

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