A Research on Gender Based Differences in Perceived Organizational Stress and Stress Sources

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: A Research on Gender Based Differences in Perceived Organizational Stress and Stress Sources
Author(s): Kurtulus Kaymaz
Volume: 10
Number: 2
Year: 2019
Page: 483-497
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2019.181
The research is aimed to investigate if the perceived organizational stress and stress sources differ according to gender. For this purpose, the demand-control-social support model was used and data were collected via face to face survey around three sub-dimensions (workload, decision, and social support). The study is conducted on totally 2467 employees and 1922 employees were responsive. The first main finding of this study is that the important part of the employees were working in “high job stress” region. Another finding in the research shows that there is a significant difference between male and female employees from the point of workload and decision (autonomy). Conversely, it is found that gender of the employees does not form a significant difference for social support dimension. From the perspective of stress sources, the findings indicate that negative circumstances in pay and social rights, managers’ attitudes and behaviors and physical working conditions are main stress sources for both males and females. Especially, results proved that females affected more negatively from the stress sources like physical working conditions, workload, occupational health and safety, working breaks and annual leave than males.

Keywords: Organizational Stress, Work Load, Decision Making, Organizational Support, Stress Sources

JEL Classification: J24, J28, M14, M54, O15

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