|Energy is recognized as an important factor in the production process by capital and labor. Energy consumption has increased substantially in the world, especially since the Industrial Revolution and the 1973 oil crisis. In this study, the causality relationship between energy consumption (petroleum, electricity, per capita and total primary energy consumption, carbon dioxide emissions) and economic growth is estimated by using the JJ cointegration test, DLVAR, generalized impulse-response, and variance decomposition analyses for the Turkish economy for the 1972–2011 period. According to the results of the JJ cointegration test, there is no co-movement between energy consumption and economic growth in the long run, but the DLVAR analysis indicates that energy is an important input for the Turkish economy’s steady growth in the short run. The findings lead to the conclusion that a positive unidirectional causality runs from petroleum, electricity, primary energy consumption, and carbon dioxide emissions to economic growth in the short run. The results of generalized impulse-response and variance decomposition analyses also support the results of the DLVAR analysis.