Innovation Generation Capacity of Turkey According to the Triple Helix Approach

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Innovation Generation Capacity of Turkey According to the Triple Helix Approach
Author(s): Nilcan Mert, Sibel Cengiz
Volume: 11
Number: 4
Year: 2020
Page: 1001-1012
ISSN: 2619-9491
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2020.295
Abstract
The Triple Helix Innovation Approach Model, based on university-industry-government cooperation, was first proposed by Etzkowitz (1983) and was developed by Leydesdorff in 1995. Triple Helix Innovation Approach Model in the information age is based on the cooperation of universities, industry and government to develop innovation. For this reason, it focuses on the need for a compulsory and strong communication between the university, industry and government. This model is thought to be the key to improving conditions for innovation, where university-industry and government interaction. In this study, innovation capacities in Turkey’s technology systems were examined in the framework of the Triple Helix Innovation Model. The Bounds test approach was used in the study, which used R&D expenditures, number of patents, government incentives and number of scientific articles covering the period 1991-2017. The results showed that there was a statistically significant and long-term positive relationship between high technology exports with number of patents, and negative relationship between R&D expenditures. In addition, a positive but statistically insignificant relationship was found between the number of government subsidies and scientific articles and high technology exports. The results of the error correction analysis showed that there is a short-run relationship between high technology exports and variables. Results indicate that the Triple Helix approach is invalid for Turkey in the analysis period.

Keywords: Triple Helix Innovation Approach Model, Innovation, Bounds Test

JEL Classification: O21, O31, C32

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