Antecedents of Opportunity at Work: Evidence from White-Collar Employees in Turkey

Article Information
Journal: Business and Economics Research Journal
Title of Article: Antecedents of Opportunity at Work: Evidence from White-Collar Employees in Turkey
Author(s): Elif Cicekli, Hayat Kabasakal
Volume: 7
Number: 2
Year: 2016
Page: 115-134
ISSN: 1309-2448
DOI Number: 10.20409/berj.2016217499
Opportunities provided to employees at work facilitate important organizational outcomes. Although opportunity at work is a significant topic of research, antecedents of opportunity are under-explored. The study aims to analyze the relationships between opportunity at work and possible antecedents of opportunity, i.e. different types of leadership and high performance work practices. For this purpose, factor analyses and hierarchical multiple regression analyses are carried out using data from 550 white-collar employees. The results of analyses show that opportunity at work is explained with reference to three factors: Promotion, development, and recognition opportunities. Transactional, transformational, and participative leadership create at least one type of opportunity for employees. High performance work practices (HPWPs) predict development and promotion opportunity for employees working in different industries. The study fills a gap in the literature by exploring antecedents of opportunity at work, with important implications for both research and practice. Managers are advised to adopt the characteristics of transactional, transformational, and participative leadership in order to create opportunities for their subordinates. Moreover, organizations are recommended to employ HPWPs to create opportunities for their employees.
Keywords: Promotion Opportunity, Development Opportunity, Recognition Opportunity, High Performance Work Practices, Leadership
JEL Classification: M51, M53, M54 Full Text